J.L. Benedé, A. Chisvert, R. Lucena, S. Cárdenas
The development of analytical methods that allow the simultaneous determination of a wide range of analytes with different properties is one of the focuses of attention in Analytical Chemistry. This work describes a proof-of-concept of the synergistic extraction of a planar paper-based sorptive phase modified with a polyamide such as nylon. This as-prepared sorptive phase enables the extraction of six penicillin-derived antibiotics of different polarity from human saliva samples in the same analysis, since the analytes either interact with the paper or with the nylon. The synthesis of the sorptive phase is simple as it only requires dipping the paper into an organic solution of the polymer (i.e., nylon in formic acid). Then, the modified paper-based sorptive phase is introduced in an Eppendorf tube to perform the extraction of the analytes, and subsequent desorption and measurement by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Under the optimized extraction conditions, the method enables the determination of the analytes in saliva samples with limits of detection from 2.4 to 3.7 ng mL−1. Relative standard deviation (RSD) below 10% for all the target analytes and relative recoveries between 84 and 123% were achieved by using matrix-matched calibration. The results confirm the versatility and the synergistic extraction of the polyamide-coated paper-based sorptive phase, and its potential to be applied in bioanalysis. Moreover, the easy synthesis of the sorptive phase and the low cost of its preparation, as well as the high sample throughput analysis, are some of the main features of the proposed method.
Keywords: Antibiotics; Bioanalysis; Mass spectrometry; Paper-based microextraction; Polyamide; Saliva.
Synergistic combination of polyamide-coated paper-based sorptive phase for the extraction of antibiotics in saliva, J.L. Benedé, A. Chisvert, R. Lucena, S. Cárdenas, Anaytica Chimica Acta 1164 (2021) 338512