Since the late 1990s there has been an increasing concern regarding the release and accumulation of cosmetic ingredients in the environment. These compounds reach the aquatic environment by direct sources, such as bathing activities, but also by indirect sources due to industrial activities, showering, domestic washing, etc., through wastewater treatment plants at which they are not completely removed. As a result, studies have shown that cosmetic ingredients can be found not only in the water phase but also in sediments, soils and living organisms, thus affecting the flora and fauna of the aquatic environment. In this chapter, the fundamental principles of sample preparation methodologies and detection techniques developed for the extraction of cosmetic ingredients from environmental samples are discussed, and a comprehensive outline of the literature dealing with the development and validation of analytical methods for the determination of these emerging contaminants in the environment is provided.
Keywords:Accumulation, Analytical methods, Aquatic environment, Cosmetic ingredients, Emerging contaminants, Release.
A. Chisvert, D. Giokas, J.L. Benedé, Environmental Monitoring of Cosmetic Ingredients. In: A. Salvador, A. Chisvert, eds. Analysis of Cosmetic Products. 2nd ed. Elsevier; 2018. p 435-547. ISBN: 9780444635082